The Challenge of Iran
Iran & the Region
The Gulf: Molavi
European Union: Posch
Other Allies: Heydemann
Political Timeline: Nikou
Diplomatic Timeline: Nikou / Glenn / Nada
Military Timeline: Nikou
Nuclear Timeline: Nikou / Glenn / Nada
Nuclear sites: Nikou
Information sources: Nikou
About the Authors
The Nuclear Deal: Text, Official Reactions, & Other Resources
"With courage, political will, mutual respect and leadership, we delivered on what the world was hoping for: a shared commitment to peace and to join hands in order to make our world safer. This is an historic day also because we are creating the conditions for building trust and opening a new chapter in our relationship.
"No one ever thought it would be easy. Historic decisions never are. But despite all twists and turns of the talks, and the number of extensions, hope and determination enabled us to overcome all the difficult moments. We have always been aware we had a responsibility to our generation and the future ones."
—Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and E.U. foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, in a statement on July 14, 2015
Click here for the full text of the nuclear deal.
Click here for analysis and reaction to the JCPOA.
Afghanistan - 585 miles
Armenia - 22 miles
Azerbaijan-Nakhchivan exclave - 112 miles
Azerbaijan - 270 miles
Iraq - 911 miles
Pakistan - 568 miles
Turkmenistan - 620 miles
Turkey - 312 miles
- Persian 61 percent
- Azeri 16 percent
- Kurd 10 percent
- Arab 2 percent
- Lur 6 percent
- Baloch 2 percent
- Turkmen 2 percent
- Other 1 percent
- Muslims 99 percent:
- Shiite 90 percent
- Sunni 9 percent
- Other significant minorities-based on varying estimates:
- Baha'i - 300,000
- Christians (mainly Assyrian and Armenian churches) - 300,000-370,000
- Zoroastrians - 25,000 to 60,000
Bordering bodies of water:
- Caspian Sea - 462 miles
- Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman - 1,525 miles
Sources: CIA World Factbook (2016, 2019), U.S. State Department International Religious Freedom Report 2013
The Iran Primer
“The Iran Primer: Power, Politics and U.S. Policy” is an unprecedented project by 50 of the world’s top scholars on Iran representing some 20 foreign policy think tanks, eight universities, and senior foreign policy officials from six U.S. administrations. The book has no single political perspective or agenda, as the authors approach the subjects with a wide range of views.
They include scholars at the US Institute of Peace, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the Council on Foreign Relations, Brookings Institution, Rand Corp, International Institute for Strategic Studies, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Asia Society, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, American Enterprise Institute, the Institute for Science and International Security, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, New America Foundation, Stimson Center, Center for Naval Analyses, Nixon Center, The Century Foundation, International and Foreign Policy Institute (Berlin), the Foreign Policy Research Institute, and several universities, including Stanford, Michigan, Columbia, Johns Hopkins, Georgetown, Syracuse, and the U.S. Naval Academy.
Two of the authors are former U.N. weapons inspectors. And the national security adviser or top National Security official in charge of Iran from six presidencies also contributed chapters on what happened between the United States and Iran during that administration.
The book is also a living website project, as the entire book is available free on the web. It will also be constantly updated. The goal is to provide information about the many complex sides of a country with which the United States has not had relations for more than three decades.
Rules for Republication
News media are welcome to republish original blog postings from this website in full, with a citation and link back to The Iran Primer website (www.iranprimer.com) as the original source. Any edits must be authorized by the author. Permission to reprint excerpts from The Iran Primer book should be directed to email@example.com