The U.N. Resolutions
- Since 2006, the U.N. Security Council has passed six resolutions critical of Iran for its controversial nuclear program. Each resolution was designed to increase pressure on Tehran to suspend its uranium enrichment and ballistic missiles development programs, two of three critical steps in obtaining a nuclear weapons capability.
- U.N. sanctions have progressively targeted officials, government branches and businesses linked to Iran’s nuclear program and military. The resolutions have included travel bans and asset freezes on individuals, front companies, and banks.
- U.N. resolutions have also increasingly targeted the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), an elite branch of Iran’s military and an alleged driver of the country’s nuclear program.
- With each resolution, U.S. and European powers faced mounting difficulty winning international consensus to expand sanctions against Iran, particularly from Russia and China.
- The six U.N. resolutions designated a total of 75 organizations and 41 individuals for their involvement in Iran’s nuclear or ballistic missile programs or for their affiliation with the IRGC. The list includes seven individuals and 18 organizations linked to the IRGC. But Iran has been clever in creating new front companies to replace those subject to sanctions.
- If Iran continues to defy earlier resolutions, the United States and its European allies may feel compelled to push for additional international sanctions—one of the few remaining options short of military force.
- Tehran has leverage as one of the world’s primary petroleum exporters, which will influence international interest in sanctioning Iran for years to come.
- China’s expanding role in the global economy and its status as one of the world’s foremost consumers of petroleum will render it an increasingly important player—or spoiler—in the course of future negotiations over Iran sanctions resolutions.
|The U.N. Resolutions.pdf||154.28 KB|
The Islamists Are Coming
The Islamists Are Coming, edited by Robin Wright, surveys the rise of Islamist groups in the wake of the Arab Spring. Often lumped together, the more than 50 Islamist parties with millions of followers now constitute a whole new spectrum—separate from either militants or secular parties. They will shape the new order in the world’s most volatile region more than any other political bloc. Yet they have diverse goals and different constituencies. Sometimes they are even rivals.
"The Iran Primer"--Book Overview
“The Iran Primer” brings together 50 experts—Western and Iranian—in comprehensive but concise online chapters on Iran’s politics, economy, military, foreign policy, and nuclear program. It chronicles U.S.-Iran relations under six U.S. presidents. It also offers policy options, timelines, leader bios, data on nuclear sites—and context for what lies ahead. Click here to order a hardcopy. Timely articles are added weekly at the top.