The U.N. Resolutions
- Since 2006, the U.N. Security Council passed six resolutions critical of Iran for its controversial nuclear program. Each resolution was designed to increase pressure on Tehran to suspend its uranium enrichment and ballistic missiles development programs, two of three critical steps in obtaining a nuclear weapons capability.
- U.N. sanctions progressively targeted officials, government branches and businesses linked to Iran’s nuclear program and military. The resolutions included travel bans and asset freezes on individuals, front companies, and banks.
- U.N. resolutions also increasingly targeted the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), an elite branch of Iran’s military and an alleged driver of the country’s nuclear program.
- With each resolution, U.S. and European powers faced mounting difficulty winning international consensus to expand sanctions against Iran, particularly from Russia and China.
- On July 14, 2015, Iran and the world’s six major powers reached a final deal to limit Iran’s nuclear activities in exchange for sanctions relief. The U.N. Security Council endorsed the agreement in a resolution less than a week later.
- Pending U.N. confirmation of the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program, the Security Council would terminate sanctions set out in resolutions adopted between 2006 and 2015.
This chapter was originally published in 2010, and is updated as of November 2015.
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