The pace and intensity of Iran’s presidential campaign have picked up in the final days before the May 19 vote. The election has basically turned into a two-man race between President Hassan Rouhani and conservative Ebrahim Raisi. For the first time in 20 years, the top two candidates are both clerics.
Headline in Ka'enat: "One Election, Two Clerics"
Qalibaf and Raisi Join Forces
On May 15, Tehran Mayor Mohammad Bagher Qalibaf dropped out of the race and called on his supporters to back Raisi.
In the cartoon below, President Rouhani and Vice President Jahangiri have rolled up Qalibaf in a rug —a reference to Qalibaf's last name, which literally means "carpet weaver."
Raisi Campaign Picks up Steam
Raisi’s May 15 rally in Isfahan attracted thousands of attendees. It was widely covered by conservative media outlets.
Headline in Afkar: “Victory is Close”
“People of Isfahan rise after Historic Alliance of Qalibaf, Raisi.”
In the photo below, a woman holds a placard that reads, “We did not come by bus, we came by heart and soul.”
Raisi met with popular rapper Tataloo and won his endorsement. Iranians on social media thought the meeting was odd because conservatives Tataloo has been arrested by security forces for his controversial music.
Popular Iranian rapper supports conservative candidate Raisi, whose father-in-law does not even allow classical concerts in Mashhad. pic.twitter.com/r8RA9tOtKX— Arash Karami (@thekarami) May 17, 2017
A graphic of Raisi with Qassem Soleimani, the commander of the elite Qods Force of the Revolutionary Guards, and the late Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, who was assassinated in 1981, has been circulated on social media.
Rouhani’s Final Pitch
Rouhani repeatedly presented the election as a stark choice between freedom and oppression in his last rallies, which were among his largest.
Rouhani's supporters at 12000-seat Azadi arena pic.twitter.com/CVaKcUINx2— Sobhan Hassanvand (@Hassanvand) May 13, 2017
Conservative newspapers used photos to portray Rouhani’s rallies as smaller while reformist papers used photos that suggested the opposite.
The flavor of the crowds at the two rallies were vastly different with pop music and dancing at Rouhani’s event and religious anthems at Raisi’s rally.
Rouhani’s supporters dared to chant the names of former Prime Minister Mir Hossein Mousavi and former Parliamentary Speaker Mehdi Karroubi. They have been under house arrest since 2011 for supporting the Green Movement protests following the disputed 2009 reelection of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Some supporters held signs that were critical of government encroachment on their personal lives.
On May 16, Eshaq Jahangiri, a reformist who has been Rouhani’s first vice president since 2013, withdrew as expected and urged voters to support Rouhani.
On May 17, Seyyed Hassan Khomeini endorsed Rouhani in a video message. The grandson of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini is widely considered the heir apparent of the late revolutionary leader’s legacy.
"Once again, Iran" - Rouhani's powerful campaign video. "Once again smile, Once again Iran": https://t.co/DyNyrJkyHV— Saeed Kamali Dehghan (@SaeedKD) May 18, 2017
Iran presidential election "With Rouhani until 2020" campaign video 3 takeaways:— Hanif Zarrabi-K. (@hanifzk) May 17, 2017
1) Iranian women rule
2) Green Movement
3) Rock band Queen pic.twitter.com/Nj3RBSpa5e
Rouhani called out hardliners using bold language during his speech in Mashhad.
Rouhani warned security forces not to meddle in the election. "We just have one request: for the Basij and the Revolutionary Guards to stay in their own place for their own work," he said, according to the Iranian Labour News Agency via Reuters.
On May 4, Rouhani’s campaign manager Mohammad Ali Vakili confirmed that police forced the closure of several campaign offices across the country. Security forces blocked staff from entering or leaving campaign facilities.
A Rouhani campaign office in Tehran was attacked midday today, says Ilna, a few days after a similar attack on one of his other offices. pic.twitter.com/UDSeL7QFht— Saeed Kamali Dehghan (@SaeedKD) May 10, 2017
Plainclothes members of the Basij militia reportedly attacked Rouhani campaign offices in Tehran, Mashhad, Qazvin, Babolsar and Isfahan. Rouhani referenced the sabotage in a post on Twitter and Instagram.
"People of Iran, if hardliners tore my picture or even swore at me in front of our [campaign] headquarters, do not respond to them. They have another goal."
مردم عزیز ایران، اگر تندروها عکس من را پاره کردند یا حتی جلوی ستادهایم به من ناسزا گفتند، جوابشان را ندهید. آنها هدف دیگری دارند. pic.twitter.com/56FcoO51lg— حسن روحانی (@Rouhani_ir) May 17, 2017
Rafsanjani Daughter Banned from Speaking at Rouhani Events
Faezeh Hashemi, the daughter of late former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, was barred from speaking at two Rouhani campaign events in May due to her prior conviction. In March, Hashemi, an outspoken women’s rights activist and former lawmaker, was sentenced to six months in prison for spreading anti-state propaganda. She has appealed and the final ruling has yet to be issued. At one campaign rally, she grabbed the microphone to support Rouhani.
Filmmaker Endorses Rouhani
Filmmaker Asghar Farhadi, a two-time Oscar winner, endorsed Rouhani on May 14. “I will vote for Dr Rouhani and I hope that those who remain undecided would use their basic right and vote despite all the understandable reasons and conditions that they may have, for the fate of children in our homeland and future generations,” he said, according to The Guardian and Iranian media.
اصغر فرهادی: به روحانى رای مىدهم. اميدوارم كسانیکه هنوز در ترديدند با همه دلايل قابل دركى كه دارند از اين حداقل حق انتخاب خود استفاده كنند pic.twitter.com/1K55tWZtVd— روزنامه شرق (@SharghDaily) May 14, 2017
Crackdown on Social Media
Three men, all in their early twenties, were sentenced to a total of 36 years in prison for “insulting” the Islamic Republic on Telegram, used by an estimated 40 million people in Iran. Some 1.2 million posts are shared every day on more than 100,000 channels.
Ahead of Iran's elections, the government is cracking down on social media: https://t.co/ZfZllWHfp9— IranWire (@IranWireEnglish) May 13, 2017
Several administrators of 12 reformist Telegram channels had been arrested in March 2017. One lawmaker wrote an open letter to the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) warning that the arrests “could be interpreted as the IRGC’s interference in the presidential election as a military institution, which is barred by the Constitution.”