Hassan Khomeini, grandson of ex Leader, @ interior ministry HQ now, filling out form to run for assembly of experts pic.twitter.com/PrxYZUj7aQ— Alborz Habibi (@AlborzHabibi) December 18, 2015
Mir Hossein Mousavi's daughter Narges married tonight. Her parents not allowed to attend, still under house arrest. pic.twitter.com/PjCcgw7ijy— Saeed Kamali Dehghan (@SaeedKD) March 4, 2016
Garrett Nada is the assistant editor of The Iran Primer at the U.S. Institute of Peace.
Photo credits: Abolhassan Bani Sadr by Christoph Braun (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons; Mir Hossein Mousavi by Mardetanha with special thanks to Mr.Salar Nayerhoda for kind helps (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons; Mehdi Karroubi by Mardetanha [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons; Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani via HashemiRafsanjani.ir; Mohammad Khatami by World Economic Forum (www.weforum.org), swiss-image.ch/Photo by Remy Steinegger (World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2007) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons; Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2009 by Kremlin.ru [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) or CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
The two sides taking stock of their long standing relations, based upon mutual respect and interests, reiterated their intention to develop a broad and comprehensive agenda for bilateral cooperation.
They welcomed the implementation day of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 16 January 2016 that contributed to opening a new chapter in EU-Iran relations. The EU and Iran are fully committed to the JCPOA and its implementation in all its aspects. It was reconfirmed that the continued and full implementation of the JCPOA remains of utmost importance.
It was stated that the following shared and overarching objectives are vital for the promotion of EU-Iran relations:
• Ensuring and supporting the full implementation of the JCPOA in order to further improve and deepen bilateral cooperation;
• Developing cooperative relations in areas of mutual interest to benefit the economic development, human rights, prosperity and well-being of the people of Iran and the EU;
• Promoting regional peace, security and stability as well as peaceful settlement of regional conflicts through dialogue and engagement.
• Improve and enable financial as well as encouraging banking cooperation between the EU and Iran. The EU can assist if required in addressing Anti Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) issues;
• Explore the prospect of extending the third country lending mandate of the European Investment Bank (EIB) to Iran, to enhance the availability of finance for investment in Iran and possible blending (of loans with grants);
• Cooperation in a variety of sectors with a focus in particular on encouraging regulatory and industrial policy dialogues and creating mutual opportunities, including textiles, tourism, raw materials, construction and any other areas to be mutually determined;
• Building on EU expertise in the field of SMEs support to foster business and in particular SMEs favourable environment in Iran and share information on the "Enterprise Europe Network”;
• Exchange of Iran and EU business missions in the second half of the year;
• Consider development cooperation on strengthening the private sector and SMEs in Iran;
• Facilitate and encourage EU-Iran business sector presence in each others’ markets through a variety of measures .
Trade and investment Cooperation
• Perform technical assessments to remove and review restrictions on the aircraft fleet of Iran Air with regard to the EU Air Safety List, and to issue "Third Country Operator Authorization" to the Iranian air carriers that applied, provided the necessary safety requirements have been met;
• Embark on technical cooperation in support of aviation safety in Iran;
• Exchange views on the possibility of a horizontal agreement;
• Exchange views and experience on rail safety and interoperability, as well as facilitation of international rail transport, including rail corridors;
• Explore cooperation in other sectors, such as maritime, rail, road and urban transport.
Energy and climate change
• Foster improved conditions for investments and technology exchange in the production and generation of energy, and energy efficiency; and exchange information, where needed, on legal and regulatory frameworks ;
• Engage in initiatives which aim at strengthening the security of energy supply and demand in the region and beyond ;
• Cooperate in multilateral fora with a view to enhancing the transparency and the functioning of the global energy market ;
• Promote investments and encourage technological and technical exchanges to mitigate GHGs emission as well as adaptation measures through promoting energy efficiency in different sectors of the Iranian economy as well as enhancing use of renewable energies;
• Facilitate investments in upstream and downstream projects in the energy sector of Iran.
For this purpose it is intended to launch a dedicated EU-Iran Dialogue on Energy. The objectives and modalities of such cooperation are further detailed in the Joint Statement on Energy.
Civil nuclear cooperation
• Establish bilateral co-operation to address air, soil and water pollution, water resources management, conservation and sustainable use of nature, biodiversity, desertification, and waste disposal management issues;
• Exchange experiences with a view to identifying appropriate policy responses, including projects to tackle cross-border pollution;
• Strengthen co-operation in international environmental fora including in the framework of multilateral environmental agreements.
Science, Research and Innovation
The two sides consider that solutions to such crises must be inclusive, peaceful and comprehensive, and above all sustainable. They stress the need for all actors to adopt constructive approaches that reinforce the principles of non-interference and the territorial integrity of states, as well as respecting the primacy of international law, including human rights.
—April 16, 2016, at a joint press conference with Federica Mogherini from Tasmin News via Iran Front Page
Since the final nuclear deal was announced on July 14, 2015, at least a dozen European nations have reached out to Iran with high-profile phone calls and visits. "Expansion of relations with E.U. members is among Tehran's main policies," Rouhani said before his visit to Europe in January 2016. Around half of the 140 economic delegations that visited Iran between March and December 2015 were from European countries. The following is a rundown of European outreach to Iran since the deal.
Leader in meeting with Italian PM: we see cooperation with #Italy and your government positive & we hope this trip will enhance this view.— Khamenei.ir (@khamenei_ir) April 12, 2016
Some European companies & states are visiting Iran & negotiate, but there has been no tangible outcome yet; key issue is execution of deals.— Khamenei.ir (@khamenei_ir) April 12, 2016
Previously, on Aug. 4, 2015, Gentiloni and Economic Development Minister Federica Guidi traveled to Iran for a two-day visit, accompanied by Italian businessmen and economic activists. They met with Minister of Industry, Mines, and Trade Mohammad Reza Nematzadeh and other officials. During the August visit, investment back Mediobanca, Italy’s development ministry, and export credit agency SACE signed a memorandum of understanding “to facilitate future economic and commercial relations between the two countries.”
We should be forward-looking when it comes to Iran-Britain ties, and seize the opportunity that has arisen post #IranDeal.— Hassan Rouhani (@HassanRouhani) August 24, 2015
Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo met with Iranian officials in Tehran from September 7 to 9. He was accompanied by Industry, Energy and Tourism Minister Jose Manuel Soria, Public Works and Transport Minister Ana Maria Pastor Julian, and a delegation of business officials.
Following a meeting with Soria, Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh said the two countries discussed the possibility of exporting crude oil and natural gas to Spain. Additionally, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif met with Garcia-Margallo, and said that Iran and Spain "agreed to negotiate about human rights and refugee issues.”
Now meeting w/ FM of Serbia who mentioned Serbian officials have taken firm decision to expand bilateral ties w/ Iran pic.twitter.com/sHTeoKEc2N— Hassan Rouhani (@HassanRouhani) August 4, 2015
Dutch Foreign Minister Bert Koenders met with Rouhani, Zarif, and other officials in Tehran on September 21 and 22. It was the first time in 14 years that a Dutch foreign minister had visited Iran. The officials discussed expanding political and economic ties, and Koenders announced that at least three other Dutch ministers planned to visit Iran in the near future.
This post has been updated.
Rouhani and Saudi King Salman both attended the summit in Istanbul, Turkey. But they did not meet—or even greet each other. In one video, Salman appeared to snub an attempt by Rouhani to shake hands. Iran and Saudi Arabia, long-time rivals, support opposing actors in both the Syria and Yemen conflicts. Saudi Arabia’s execution of a prominent Shiite cleric prompted protestors in Tehran to attack its embassy in January. Riyadh then cut diplomatic ties with Iran.
The Muslim world deserves so much better than struggling w/ a wave of violence, insecurity, terrorism, backwardness & underdevelopment. #OIC— Hassan Rouhani (@HassanRouhani) April 14, 2016
Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi alleged that the OIC’s decision-making process is biased against Iran. He noted that the clauses on Iran were added to the final statement during a pre-summit meeting in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. No Iranian envoys participated because Saudi Arabia would not grant them a visa, Araghchi said. In a televised interview, he said the OIC is dominated by certain countries that use “financial resources, threats, and bribery.” He added that the OIC “will definitely regret the stances it adopted against Iran and Hezbollah in future.”