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Talk of Tehran: Squabbling over the Economy

September 24, 2012
Helia Ighani             The hottest topic in Tehran’s media—and society generally—is the Islamic Republic’s deeply troubled economy. Over the past 12 months, the national currency has lost half of its value. Despite Iran’s vast oil and gas reserves, youth unemployment has hit 28.6 percent.…

FACT SHEET: Two Years of Tightening U.N. Sanctions

September 21, 2012
            On Sept. 20, one week before the U.N. General Assembly’s opening session, the American mission to the United Nations issued a fact sheet outlining the growing squeeze on Iran from U.N. sanctions since the passage of Resolution 1929. Iran is again expected to be a major topic when world…

IAEA Presses Iran on Nuclear Program

September 19, 2012
            On Sept. 13, the U.N. nuclear watchdog passed a resolution urging Iran to cease uranium enrichment and comply with international obligations on its nuclear program. At a board of governors meeting in Vienna, 31 out of 35 countries, including Russia and China, supported the resolution.…

Benefits and Costs of Military Action Against Iran

September 13, 2012
On Sept. 13, a group of former U.S. ambassadors, generals, officials and national security experts released a report cautioning against a strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities without a robust public debate. The Iran Project report aims to offer “an objective description of some of the prerequisites…

U.S. Treasury: Iran Oil Exports Down 55 Percent

September 13, 2012
On Sept. 12, Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David Cohen announced that Iran’s crude oil exports have decreased by 55 percent since January 2012. “Today, the Iranian government is relegated to the backwaters of the international financial system,” said Cohen at the New York…

U.S. Welcomes Release of Christian Pastor

September 10, 2012
On Sept. 10, the State Department applauded Iran’s release of a Christian Pastor who was sentenced to death for apostasy in 2010. The charges were reportedly dropped from apostasy to evangelizing Muslims, with a sentence of three years. Pastor Youcef Nadarkhani was released for time served,…

What’s Behind New Iran and North Korea Pact

September 7, 2012
John S. Park What does this agreement mean?   On September 1, Iran and North Korea signed a scientific and technological cooperation agreement. According to the Iranian Labour News Agency, the agreement calls for the two countries to          ·set up joint laboratories and exchange…

Canada Closes Iran Embassy, Expels Iranian Diplomats

September 7, 2012
On September 7, Foreign Minister John Baird announced that Canada has closed its embassy in Tehran and expelled Iranian diplomats in Ottawa. He cited Iran as “the most significant threat to global peace and security” as the reason. Baird also warned all Canadian citizens against travel to Iran. The…

NAM Countries Hypocritical on Iran

September 7, 2012
David Albright and Andrea Stricker            The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit ended on August 31 in Tehran with the adoption of a communiqué that is troubling and even hypocritical in its support for Iran’s nuclear program.   The final NAM document—in addition to the “Tehran Declaration,” a…

The Limits on U.S. Military Options

September 6, 2012
On Sept.6, Anthony Cordesman and Abdullah Toukan of the Center for Strategic and International Studies released a report assessing U.S. military options in Iran. It noted that U.S. air strikes against Iranian nuclear sites would likely be effective due to Iranian vulnerabilities. But Iran could…

Democratic Platform on Iran

September 5, 2012
On Sept. 4, the Democratic Party adopted its party platform. The platform credits President Barack Obama for his cooperation with the international community and implementing “the toughest UN sanctions ever on Iran.” It states that “a diplomatic outcome remains the best and most enduring solution”…

Three Revelations from the Non-Aligned Summit

September 4, 2012
Farideh Farhi                    The Non-Aligned Movement summit in Tehran highlighted three aspects about Iran’s foreign relations and domestic politics.             First, given Iran’s geographic location and resources, many countries in the neighborhood believe it is simply not good business to…

Part II: Khamenei on U.N./World Order

August 31, 2012
On Aug. 30, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei’s inaugural address to the Non-Aligned Movement Summit challenged the United Nations and called for a new world order. The following are two key excerpts from his speech, beginning with comments on the United Nations.   The U.N. Security Council…

Part I: Khamenei on Nuclear Weapons

August 31, 2012
On Aug. 30, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei’s inaugural address to the Non-Aligned Movement condemned nuclear weapons. The following is an excerpt from his speech.International peace and security are among the critical issues of today’s world and the elimination of catastrophic weapons of…

U.N. Report Faults Iran for Lack of Cooperation

August 30, 2012
            On August 30, the U.N. nuclear watchdog criticized Tehran for failing to provide information and access to scientific personnel that would help resolve questions about Iran’s controversial nuclear program. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) specifically warned that Iran had “…

GOP Platform on Iran

August 30, 2012
On Aug. 28, the Republican Party ratified its party platform and nominated Mitt Romney as its 2012 presidential candidate. The platform warns that President Barack Obama’s “failed engagement policy with Iran will lead to nuclear cascade.” It also labeled Venezuela as an “increasing threat to U.S.…

Iran Reverses Family Planning, Calls for More Children

August 29, 2012
Farzaneh Roudi         Iran has reversed its population policy and cut back an innovative program to bring down fertility rates that almost doubled the population two decades after the revolution. Alarmed by a rapidly aging population, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is now calling on…

Iran Wins Tug-of-War with U.S.

August 27, 2012
Robin Wright Iran has jockeyed to regain international legitimacy and political leverage while hosting some 100 delegations at the Non-Aligned Movement in Tehran. The Islamic Republic won a diplomatic tug-of-war with the United States when U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon agreed to attend…

U.S. Condemns Iran’s New Education Policy

August 21, 2012
On August 21, State Department Spokesperson Victoria Nuland issued the following statement condemning Iran’s new education policy. Iranian Women Excluded From Major Areas of University Study  We have seen reports that 36 Iranian universities have banned women from 77 critical fields of…

Part II: U.S. Pushes Back Israelis

August 21, 2012
Garrett Nada         The United States and Israel are at odds over the need for imminent military action against Iran because of widespread concern about its controversial nuclear program. In mid-August 2012, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said talks between the world’s six major powers and…

Part I: Israelis Squabble Over Iran

August 21, 2012
Garrett Nada         In August 2012, Israeli officials appeared increasingly divided over the need for imminent military action against Iran because of its controversial nuclear program. Israeli decision-makers and military elites now fall into three broad camps.          One group surrounding…

Iran Curtails Female Education

August 20, 2012
Haleh Esfandiari  Why are 36 Iranian universities now barring women from 77 academic fields, including engineering, accounting, education, counseling, and chemistry?   Rather than announcing across the board restrictions on women in higher education, the government has cleverly left it to…

Iran Balks at Syria’s Suspension from Islamic Conference

August 17, 2012
On August 16, the Islamic Conference Organization-–a 57-member group of Muslim countries --suspended Syria’s membership in response to the government’s clampdown on internal opposition. Iran and Algeria objected to the OIC move, although an absolute majority of members approved it. Iranian…

The Drama of Iran’s Erratic Rial

August 16, 2012
Kevan HarrisWhat are the primary reasons that the Iranian rial has lost half of its value against the U.S. dollar in just one year? Iran’s currency was valued at about 10,000 rials to the dollar in the summer of 2011. It plummeted to more than 20,000 to the dollar in the summer of 2012. …

Panetta: Iran Trains Syrian Militia

August 15, 2012
On August 14, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey held a joint press conference in Washington. They addressed Iran’s role in supporting Syrian President Bashar Assad. The following is a relevant excerpt. Q:  (Inaudible) Mr. Secretary, on…

U.S. on Earthquake Aid

August 14, 2012
On August 12, 2012, the United States offered aid to Iran after two earthquakes reportedly hit almost 200 villages near the northwest city of Tabriz. The early official Iranian reports cited more than 300 dead, 3,000 injured and some 16,000 left homeless. The United States has previously provided…

U.S. Sanctions Syrian Oil Company for Iran Support

August 10, 2012
On August 10, the United States “imposed sanctions on the Syrian state-run oil company Sytrol under the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA), as amended by the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act (CISADA), for conducting business with Iran’s energy sector.” State Department Deputy…

Tehran Conference Statement on Syria

August 10, 2012
On August 9, Iran hosted an emergency conference on developments in Syria. Envoys from 26 countries attended the one-day meeting including Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Belarus, Benin, China, Cuba, Ecuador, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman,…

New Congressional Sanctions on Iran

August 2, 2012
On August 1, Congress voted to impose new sanctions on Iran that target companies aiding Tehran’s energy sector. The Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012 differs from President Obama’s July 31 executive order by targeting companies conducting business with Iran’s national…

Panetta: “All options” on the table for Iran

August 2, 2012
On August 1, Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta warned that “all options” are on the table for preventing a nuclear-armed Iran, including “military options.” At a joint press conference with Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak, Panetta admitted that although sanctions are having a “biting” impact,…